Differences between adjustable and fixed rate loans

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A fixed-rate loan features a fixed payment amount over the life of the loan. The property tax and homeowners insurance which are almost always part of the payment will increase over time, but generally, payment amounts on these types of loans vary little.

When you first take out a fixed-rate mortgage loan, the majority your payment is applied to interest. As you pay , more of your payment is applied to principal.

Borrowers might choose a fixed-rate loan in order to lock in a low rate. Borrowers choose fixed-rate loans when interest rates are low and they wish to lock in at this lower rate. For homeowners who have an ARM now, refinancing into a fixed-rate loan can offer more stability in monthly payments. If you currently have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM), we'd love to assist you in locking a fixed-rate at the best rate currently available. Call Best Capital Funding at 8052761942 to discuss your situation with one of our professionals.

There are many different kinds of Adjustable Rate Mortgages. Generally, the interest rates for ARMs are based on a federal index. A few of these are: the 6-month Certificate of Deposit (CD) rate, the one-year Treasury Security rate, the Federal Home Loan Bank's 11th District Cost of Funds Index (COFI), or others.

The majority of ARMs feature this cap, so they can't go up above a specific amount in a given period. Your ARM may feature a cap on interest rate increases over the course of a year. For example: no more than two percent a year, even if the underlying index goes up by more than two percent. Your loan may feature a "payment cap" that instead of capping the interest rate directly, caps the amount that your monthly payment can increase in a given period. In addition, almost all ARMs have a "lifetime cap" — this means that your interest rate won't go over the capped amount.

ARMs usually start at a very low rate that may increase as the loan ages. You've likely read about 5/1 or 3/1 ARMs. In these loans, the initial rate is set for three or five years. After this period it adjusts every year. These loans are fixed for a certain number of years (3 or 5), then adjust after the initial period. These loans are usually best for borrowers who anticipate moving in three or five years. These types of adjustable rate loans most benefit borrowers who will move before the loan adjusts.

Most borrowers who choose ARMs do so when they want to get lower introductory rates and don't plan on staying in the house longer than this initial low-rate period. ARMs can be risky in a down market because homeowners can get stuck with rates that go up if they can't sell or refinance with a lower property value.

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